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One of our biggest obstacles to a galactic or universal civilization is distance. Even in science fiction, most writers don't really comprehend the distances between stars. For example, the closest star to our sun, Proxima Centauri, is about 4 light years away—thats 4,246,603,200,000 miles (4.2 trillion). At 25,000 mph, speed of current technology, it would take us 20,000 years to get there. And that's the clostest star to us...take a look at atlasoftheuniverse.com to get an idea of the distances in our galaxy and universe..

In thinking about time—years, months, and days are all based off of the workings of our solar system. There have been various methods of measurement...pounds, grams, inches, centimeters, the hand, etc... but our measurement of time is pretty standard around the world—that's because the sun, moon, and earth are common to all the inhabitants of earth, and our day, month, and year are built from them, but someone on a different planet orbiting the sun, or on a planet in an entirely different star system wouldn't measure time the same way. Mars takes 687 earth days to complete its cycle, so an earth year to someone on Mars would mean very little. A Venerian year is only 225 earth days, but a day on Venus lasts 243. How would you like a day that's longer than a year?

Any measure of time within a galactic civilization needs to be based on something common to all. Prime time is based off of the rotation of Sagittarius A*—the black hole at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, which makes one revolution every eleven Earth minutes. A cycle is equal to one rotation of Sagittarius A*.

The clock in the upper right hand corner of the website is the number of cycles the Prime World Building Project has been in operation. At the time of writing this article, the Prime time clock read: 885.3575 cycles—that's about 1 earth week..

In our universe, as people migrated to Mars they switched to the new galactic time—it was as good of time as any since the Martian calendar was much different from that of Earth's. It wasn't easy to adjust to the new system, but after about six months most individuals liked it better. The new galactic week (kilocycle) is just slightly longer than an Earth week, but is divided into 10 galactic days (hectocycle). A galactic day is about 18 earth hours long, and is divided into thirds—six hours for work, six for recreation, and six to sleep. Most people work six days, then enjoy a four day weekend— in Earth terms, that's about a 36 hour work week. People also celebrate the gigacycles after their birth date. Somehow celebrating 14 gigacycles sounds much better than celebrating 30 years.

Terraformed Mars - Year 3572...Earth time

There are 10 galactic months in a gigacycle, 10 galactic weeks in a galactic month, and 10 galactic days in a galactic week. The months and weeks have names, but the days are just numbers.

This galactic calendar was started on Earth Year Jan 21, 2950. A date can be expressed in three ways. The following is the current date in the Prime universe expressed all three ways:

The example below shows the current year 297, current month 6, current week 1, and current day 2.

29761260.0931 - these digits deal with hours and min, and can be ignored.
29761260.0931 - this is the hectocycle digit (day of the week)
29761260.0931 - this is the kilocycle digit (week)
29761260.0931 - this is the megacycle digit (month)
29761260.0931 - all digits here and above are the gigacycle digits (year)

Galactic months:

0. Bidijon
1. Esecijon
2. Akekijon
3. Larajon
4. Kafujon
5. Heifijon
6. Ajjajon
7. Ashajon
8. Tewajon
9. Siifikijon

Galactic weeks:

0. Eki
1. Oder
2. Vun
3. Ivaj
4. Umao
5. Udra
6. Ogra
7. Nare
8. Ekos
9. Okiw

A year has 10 months.........the galactic year is a gigacycle which is equal to about 2.1 Earth years.
A month has 10 weeks........the galactic month is a megacycle which is equal to about 2.52 Earth months.
A week has 10 days...........the galactic week is a kilocycle which is equal to about 1.09 Earth weeks.
A day has 10 hours............the galactic day is a hectocycle which is equal to about .76 Earth days.
..................................the galactic hour is a dekacycle which is equal to about 1.83 Earth hours.
..................................the galactic standard is a cycle which is equal to about 11 Earth minutes.
An hour has 100 minutes.....the galactic minute is a decicycle which is equal to about 1.1 Earth minutes.
A minute has 10 seconds.....the galactic second is a centicycle which is equal to about 6.6 Earth seconds.

10000000000 yottacycle  209715.55 Earth years 
 1000000000 zettacycle   20971.55 Earth years 
  100000000 exacycle      2097.16 Earth years 
   10000000 petacycle      209.72 Earth years 
    1000000 teracycle       20.97 Earth years 
     100000 gigacycle        2.10 Earth years 
      10000 megacycle        2.52 Earth months 
       1000 kilocycle        1.09 Earth weeks 
        100 hectocycle        .76 Earth days 
         10 dekacycle        1.83 Earth hours 
          1 cycle           11.00 Earth minutes 
         .1 decicycle        1.10 Earth minutes 
        .01 centicycle       6.60 Earth seconds 
       .001 millicycle        .66 Earth seconds 
      .0001 microcycle       .066 Earth seconds 
     .00001 nanocycle       .0066 Earth seconds 
    .000001 picocycle      .00066 Earth seconds 
   .0000001 femtocycle    .000066 Earth seconds 
  .00000001 attocycle    .0000066 Earth seconds 
 .000000001 zeptocycle  .00000066 Earth seconds 
.0000000001 yoctocycle .000000066 Earth seconds
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